CHARLESTON, S.C. dated April 17, 2004
Ceremony Honors Civil War Submarine

Thousands of re-enactors - men in Confederate gray and Union blue and women in black hoop skirts and veils - listen to the mournful wail of Taps at Charleston Harbor on Saturday as they honored the crew of Confederate submarine, H.L. Hunley, the first sub in history to sink an enemy warship.

In what has been called the last Confederate funeral, the coffins of the crew members, draped in Confederate flags, were brought to Charleston's Battery and placed in a semicircle, a wreath set in front of each. A Confederate flag flew at half-staff nearby.

Randy Burbage, a member of the South Carolina Hunley Commission, said it was a testimony to the crew that so many people had come to pay tribute to "eight Americans who died for a cause they believed in so long ago."

"There are some who have scoffed at our efforts to pay tribute to these men saying that because they were Confederates, they don't deserve so high an honor," said Ronald Wilson, the commander in chief of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. "It is our duty to respect and remember these individuals."

The coffins were to be taken by horse-drawn caissons from the Battery about five miles to Magnolia Cemetery, where the remains will be buried. Fourteen Southern governors were invited to the ceremony, but declined to attend. Most cited scheduling conflicts, but some observers speculated they may be wary of the political implications of attending an event with thousands of Confederate re-enactors.

The hand-cranked Hunley made history on Feb. 17, 1864, when it rammed a spar with a black powder charge into the Union blockade ship Housatonic. But the sub never returned from the mission. It was found off the South Carolina coast nine years ago and was raised in 2000 and brought to a conservation lab at the old Charleston Navy Base.

About 40 relatives of Hunley crew members were in Charleston Saturday. Emma Busbey Ditman of Silver Spring, Md., said she learned about 12 years ago that she had a relative aboard the Hunley. She is the great-grandniece of crewman Joseph Ridgaway, who was born on Maryland's Eastern Shore. "It was very emotional. My father died when I was a little girl and I knew almost nothing about father's family when I was a child. For me, it's finding my family."

The crew that will be buried Saturday was the third crew to die aboard the submarine.The first crew drowned in the fall of 1863 when water from the wake of a passing ship flooded the sub at its mooring. A few weeks later a second crew, including designed H.L. Hunley, died during a test dive.

The crewmen to be buried Saturday will be buried next to the other crews in a plot shaded by oaks and palmettos. Rebecca Farence of Harrisburg, Pa., said crewman Frank Collins was her great-grandfather's half cousin. "These are just extraordinary men - brave and strong who did a marvelous thing," she said.


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